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How To Survive Outside: Fire

One of the most important elements of survival outdoors is fire. Fire is something humans need to cook food and to stay warm. Many people have made a fire before, but not many people know how to do it without any modern conveniences, like matches, to help them.

In this weeks episode of How To Survive, I will be teaching you how to make a fire from scratch.


The first thing you will need to know is what materials to use. For example, what type of wood is the best for long burning fires. Listed below are the few basic materials you will need.

  1. You are going to need small twigs, dry leaves and maybe even pine cones.

  2. You will also need dry logs. Hardwoods such as oak are the best for a fire because they burn for a longer period of time and they produce less smoke.

  3. (Optional) Large rocks for the surrounding of the fire.

  4. Something to light it (down below you will see multiple options).

How To Build The Fire:

The next step is to actually build it. There are many ways to build a fire, but I will only be explaining one. This method is great for long burning fires which is great for cooking food. Here is how you do it:

Step 1: Gather four big logs.

Step 2: Place two logs on the ground parallel with each other. And then add the other two logs on top, parallel with each other, just facing the other way.

Step 3: Add two smaller logs in the same formation.

Step 4: In between the logs, add the twigs and the dry leaves in a tipi shape.

Step 5: Light the fire.

How to control the fire:

If you want to make a fire, you need to know how to put it out. The best way to control a fire is water. Another quick way to put it out is to throw dirt on it. If your fire does become very out of control and you can not put it out, call the fire department.

How to Light the fire:

I am not an expert on lighting a fire, especially not without using matches or a lighter. I did do research on different methods of lighting it without tools and a few came up quite frequently. I won't go into detail about them because I am not qualified but I will list them below, and a link to a website that does describe them.

Thank you very much for reading this weeks episode of How To Survive. If you have any comments, comment them in our community page! Stay tuned for next weeks episode about Filtering water.

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